What is Gingivitis?

Damage from gingivitis.

Gingivitis is the most basic form of periodontal disease (gum disease) which involves inflammation of the gums. This minor inflammation of the gums is a common dental problem & is not serious in itself, but does represent a larger issue that may result in the loss of teeth when the cause is left untreated. Periodontal disease and gingivitis are preventable through the proper, daily maintenance of teeth and occasional visits to the dentist. When left untreated, gingivitis can become Periodontitis which, additionally, involves the loss of bone tissue and is treated as a much more serious gum condition.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

Red gums from gingivitis.The presence of Gingivitis is characterized by symptoms including:

  • Dark red or purple colored gum tissue
  • Inflamed or swollen gums
  • Gums that consistently bleed during flossing or brushing
  • Bad breath or Halitosis
  • Tender gums that might hurt to touch
  • Receding gum line resulting in exposure of tooth root surfaces

Early gingivitis detection is critical in treating the underlying cause. Early treatment of gingivitis can save you thousands of dollars and many visits to the dentist’s office over time as this disease can cause an abundance of serious issues. Take a loot at the preventative dental treatments we have to offer.

Many symptoms may be minor or unnoticeable with mild cases of gingivitis, but still represent a serious issue that should be treated by a dentist. If you’re experiencing symptoms of gingivitis, then get help from an experienced dentist today at Carson & Carson, DDS in Oxnard, California. Call today to schedule an appointment (805) 983-0717.

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Gingivitis Before and After Pictures

Before and After Tooth Whitening & Gingivitis

Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first sign of periodontal disease and is directly caused by the buildup of plaque on the surfaces of teeth. It is most commonly caused by poor oral hygiene that leads to a layer of plaque forming on teeth and the eventual loss of teeth from gum disease.

Gingivitis develops through a process that involves:

  •  Formation of plaque layer on teeth – Plaque is a layer of bacteria that grows quickly when your teeth interact with food. When not removed by daily brushing or flossing, plaque is left on the surface of teeth causing irritation and triggering an immune response in the gums. This symptoms in this step of the process can be so mild that they go unnoticed.
  • Excess plaque hardens into tartar – When left on teeth, plaque can harden into tartar making it even more difficult to remove and causing further irritation of the gums. Tartar acts to protect the plaque layer on teeth by creating a protective barrier and worsens the irritation of the gum tissue.
  • Gingiva (gums around your teeth) become inflamed – Tartar irritation of the gums leads to a stronger immune response and further inflammation of the gingiva. Over time, this irritation can cause the gums to become tender and swollen resulting in bleeding during brushing or flossing. When left untreated, gingivitis can develop into a far more serious version of periodontal disease known as Periodontitis.
  • Periodontitis – This stage of periodontal disease involves the destruction of gums and bone tissue that surround teeth as the immune system reacts to infection in the gum line. The irritation of the gums caused by excessive plaque on the teeth triggers an aggressive response from the immune system where the body destroys the tissue and bone surrounding teeth in order to rid itself of the infection. This stage of the process can still be unnoticed, and may result in the loss of teeth through eventual loosening. The best plan for treating this level of periodontal disease is avoiding it altogether through preventative action and a solid oral hygiene routine.

Risk Factors for Gingivitis

Risk factors for gingivitis.

Certain lifestyle choices can put you at greater risk for suffering from gingivitis during your lifetime. Some of these factors include:

  • Age: Gingivitis becomes more likely to occur as we age.
  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Poor oral hygiene habits can lead to the buildup of plaque and early gingivitis occurrence. Determining the state of your current oral health can give essential clues that may lead to early gingivitis detection.
  • Medical Conditions: Diabetes, certain cancers, and HIV all put you at greater risk for suffering from gingivitis and periodontal disease. In general, any condition that weakens your immune response increases your risk of getting gingivitis.
  • Dry Mouth: Having a reduced amount of saliva in the mouth can result in plaque buildup that can lead to gingivitis. Conditions that cause or worsen the effect of dry mouth also indirectly put you at risk for gingivitis.
  • Tobacco Products: Smoking or chewing tobacco can result in a number of health issues especially in areas around the mouth and throat. The use of tobacco products not only puts you at greater risk for gingivitis and periodontal disease, but also increases the risk of encountering oral cancers.
  • Genetics: Genetics and family history do play a role in your risk of developing periodontal disease. If your parents have ever had gingivitis, then you might be at greater risk for developing it too.
  • Vitamin C Deficiency: Those who take on diets that have unsatisfactory levels of Vitamin C have historically seen a higher incidence of periodontal disease.
  • Hormonal Fluctuations: Pregnancy, puberty, and menopause are accompanied by hormonal changes that can cause the gingiva to become more sensitive resulting in an increased risk of inflammation of gum tissues.
  • Prescription Drugs: Drugs that cause dry mouth can indirectly contribute to periodontal disease. Some drugs that are used to treat epilepsy, angina, and high blood pressure have been known to create dry mouth which can lead to periodontal disease.

Treatments for Gingivitis

Prevent gingivitis with daily brushing.Gingivitis can be treated or prevented at home with the maintenance of proper dental hygiene habits and good lifestyle choices. Treating gingivitis at home may involve:

  • Brushing twice and flossing at least once daily – Proper care for your oral hygiene is the number 1 thing that will help prevent gingivitis.
  • Using antiseptic mouthwashes – Keeping the mouth clean and free of bacteria is a huge step in preventing gingivitis
  • Applying oral antibiotics to treat bacterial infection in the mouth – Plaque is a form of bacteria, and certain antibiotics have proven effective in stemming the infection that is brought upon gums from the presence of plaque.

Professional treatment for gingivitis is available from your dentist. Treatments could include:

  • Deep Cleaning – A deep cleaning involves major removal of plaque and tartar through the scaling and planing of teeth and can help ease the irritation that is being caused by the presence of excess bacteria on the surface of teeth
  • Gum Flap Surgery – When a deep cleaning is not sufficient enough to remove excess plaque buildup, flap surgery may be used to lift back gums and remove plaque and tartar from the deep pockets from the root surface of teeth.
  • Bone Grafting – Replacing and repairing the lost bone structure that is caused by advanced periodontal disease such as Periodontitis can be done with a procedure such as bone grafting. In cases of minor periodontal disease such as gingivitis, bone grafting is not a commonly used treatment.

Gingivitis Treatment You Can Trust at Carson & Carson, DDS

Since 1970, our experienced dentists have helped thousands of patients prevent and treat periodontal diseases such as gingivitis and Periodontitis. We have saved many teeth from early retirement & saved our patients millions in dental costs with this preventative care. Get help today from veteran Oxnard dentists with over 45 years of experience at Carson & Carson, DDS located in Camarillo and Oxnard, California. Find affordable dental services across all fields of dental specialties available from caring and seasoned dentists (805) 983-0717. We are also proud to offer 24/7 availability for emergency dental treatment.

Contact Us at Carson & Carson, DDS


Lamont Yvon
Lamont Yvon
22:50 15 Mar 18
I have had a lot of procedures including 8 implants. There is no better dentist office than Carson and Carson. Dr. Derek Carson (the son of Dr. Leroy Carson) is FANTASTIC! He has learned well from his father (who still works there). Papa is the MAN!, and has been for years. Insane amount of knowledge. The Doctors are THE BEST! The support staff is fun and professional always. I will never go anywhere else.
Casandra Sorenson
Casandra Sorenson
23:05 08 May 18
A dentist that truly understands how much the whole dental trip petrifies me - and helps me overcome it. For the first time, and certainly not the last, he used nitros oxide and I can honestly say I can look at future visits without abject terror. No more waiting until the tooth needs pulled! I may even get my teeth cleaned.
Laura Lassiter
Laura Lassiter
18:32 15 Mar 18
The BEST dental office in Ventura County!! Super friendly staff, easy to schedule appts, no issues with insurance processing, and Dr. Carson makes sure you are always comfortable and pain-free when getting any work done. I've been a patient for over 7 years now and I couldn't be happier! I highly recommend!
Ivon valdez
Ivon valdez
18:13 18 Mar 18
Great office...great dentist ....great staff...very kind and helpful .....
Angel Garcia
Angel Garcia
15:26 27 Jan 18
Fun, friendly staff, that makes you feel comfortable immediately and accommodating...excellent work, i highly recommend'em.
Max Patrick
Max Patrick
19:31 19 Feb 19
This dental office is beyond professional. A landmark of our city, to say the least. Dr. Carson has been serving our community for quite some time, with true care and concern for his patients. If you want a true dental experience, then I would highly advise you to make an appointment with them 🙂
Lucia Vieira
Lucia Vieira
15:18 16 Mar 17
Dr. Derek, you have a hand and a heart of gold. That spirit of help that you have is praiseworthy. I'm amazed at all the treatment you've done and I feel no pain after, not even the pain of the anesthesia sting, I say with propriety because I am very sensitive to pain. Congratulations on your work that loves what you do so you have been successful, not counting on your last generation machine that I do not know how to explain. Much gratitude, you're the best.
Keila Carson
Keila Carson
04:44 24 Apr 19
Today I had a procedure wisdoms teeth extracted with Dr Derek Carson. All staff it was the kindest people ever they stayed room and for the all time asking how I was feeling. The Dr was absolutely amazing! I had several shots and no leave one I feel it and about the extraction when I was thinking he will start it he ready did the extraction out me feeling any pain absolutely any discomfort. I had rest of my day as a normal day and not swallowing.I really want to thank you Dr Derek Carson to be an amazing Dentist so gentle and very professional with absolutely confidentiality.I highly recommended this office if you need to visit just for your regular cleaning or any procedure. Thank you very much!
Yazmine Givens
Yazmine Givens
23:15 14 May 19
All of the ladies that work here are extremely nice, and they show that they care. The orthodontist is amazing, and helped along the way of my road w/ braces.
Hermenegildo Gutierrez
Hermenegildo Gutierrez
06:25 04 Jun 19
Both doctors, father and son (Dr. Leroy and Dr. Derek), are the best of the best. I have been to different dentists due to change on my insurance coverage, but i keep coming back to Carson and Carson (even if it means paying out of pocket) because they take care of the issues others can not or are not willing to. Furthermore, the staff is truly amazing, friendly, knowledgeable, professional. I am in good hands, my family's hands.
Hermenegildo Gutierrez
Hermenegildo Gutierrez
06:57 04 Jun 19
Both doctors, father and son (Dr. Leroy and Dr. Derek), are the best of the best. I have been to different dentists due to change on my insurance coverage, but i keep coming back to Carson and Carson (even if it means paying out of pocket,) because they take care of the issues others can not or are not willing to. To be honest, their fees are actually low and their work far superior compared to other dentists. Furthermore, the staff is truly amazing, friendly, knowledgeable, professional. I am in good hands, my family's hands.
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